George Washington – 1st President of the United States

 

 George Washington was the first President of the United States from 1789-1797.  He was also the Commander in Chief of  the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Was presided over the drafting of the Constitution replacing the Articles of Confederation, establishing the position of President. Washington’s leadership style established many rituals and forms of the government that is still used today such as using a cabinet system and the inaugural address . During his lifetime Washington was hailed as…

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John Adams – 2nd President of the United States

 

   John Adams was the second president of the United States from 1797-1801. Prior to his service as President Adams served as Vice President and was a leading advocate of Independence from Britain.  He was an American Founding Father who promoted republicanism as well as a strong central government. He assisted Thomas Jefferson in the writing of the Declaration of Independence and promoted it in Congress. The major accomplishment of his presidency was the peaceful resolution of the Quasi-War conflict with France. John Adams was born October 30, 1795 and…

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Thomas Jefferson – 3rd President of the United States

 

   Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States , an American Founding Father and the principal author of the Declaration of the Independence. He served in the Continental Congress representing Virginia at the beginning of the American Revolution and then as Governor . Jefferson was the first Secretary of State serving under President George Washington.  He oversaw the Louisiana Purchase and sent the Lewis -Clark expedition to explore the Midwest. Born on April 13,1743 Jefferson was the third of ten children.  Jefferson married Martha Wayles Skelton on…

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John Quincy Adams – 6th President of the US

 

 John Quincy Adams was the sixth President of the United States from 1825-1829. He served as an American Diplomat, Senator and Congressional representative. Adams  was a member of the Federalist,  Democratic-Republican, National-Republican , Anti-Masonic and Whig parties. He was the son of former President John Adams and Abigail Adams. While serving as diplomat Adams played a key role in the negotiation of many international treaties. The Treaty of Ghent was the most notable as it brought an end to the War of 1812. As President Adams focusede on modernizing the…

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John Tyler – 10th President of the US

 

   John Tyler was the tenth President of the United States  from 1841-1845. Tyler served as state legislator, United States Representative and in the United States Senates prior to his election as Vice President in 1840. He succeeded William Henry Harrison’s after his death and was the first President to succeed to this office following the death of the incumbent. Tyler opposed Federalism and emphatic support of states’ rights, alienating him from most political allies that brought power to Washington. Initially a Democrat, Tyler’s opposition to Andrew Jackson and Martin…

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Andrew Johnson – 17th President of the US

 

 Andrew Johnson was the 17th President of the United States from 1865 to 1869.  He became President after the Assignation of  President Abraham Lincoln. As President Johnson favored restoration of  seceded states to the Union. His plan offered no protection to previous slaves and conflicted with his Republican dominated Congress. He was the first president to be impeached but was acquitted by a single vote in the Senate. Born in North Carolina,  Johnson worked in several frontier towns prior to settling in Greeneville, Tennessee. After a brief service in the…

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Ulysses S. Grant – 18th President of the United States

 

   Ulysses S. Grant was the 18 th President of the United States from 1869–1877. Prior to his election to the presidency Grant was a highly successful war general in the second half of the Civil War. As President, Grant led Radical Republicans in their efforts to eliminate all traces of the Confederate nationalism and slavery and effectively destroyed the  Ku Klux Klan in 1871. Grant, named Hiriam Ulysses Grant was born in Point Pleasant,  Ohio on April 27 in 1822 was the second President to have been elected from Ohio. He…

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Rutherford B. Hayes – 19th President of the US

 

 Rutherford Birchard Hayes served as the 19th President of the United States from 1877-1881. Prior to his election as President Hayes served as Governor of Ohio .  Hayes believed in a “meritocratic government” with equal rights for all without regard to race or educational improvement. According to a Hayes biographer , the former president’s greatest achievement was to restore faith in the presidency and to reverse the deterioration of executive power that had developed after the death of President Lincoln. Hayes was born in Delaware, Ohio on October 4, 1822.…

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James A. Garfield – 20th President of the US

 

 James A. Garfield served as the 2oth President of the United States in 1881. He was elected to the Presidency after completing nine years in the House of Representatives. Prior to his service in the House , Garfield served as a Senator from 1859-1861. Garfield’s administration focused on energizing US naval power and purging corruption in the United States Postal Office. He served as President for only 200 days when he was assassinated on July 2, 1881 by  Charles J. Guiteau and is one of four US Presidents who had been…

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William McKinley – 25th US President

 

 William McKinley served as the 25th President of the United States from 1897 until his assassination in 1901.He previously served as the 39th Governor of Ohio from 1891-1893. McKinley’s presidency marked the beginning of a period of dominance by the Republican party that lasted more than a third of a century. In 1897 McKinley promoted the  ” Dingley Tariff” a tariff law developed to protect manufacturers and factory workers from foreign competition. Also see: William McKinley at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Essay on William McKinley and shorter essays…

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