James Madison – 4th President of the US

 

   Hailed as the “Father of the Constitution” , James Madison was the 4 th President of the United States. He was instrumental in drafting the United States Constitution and was one of the key authors of the United States Bill of Rights. He is credited with drafting the first ten amendments to the Constitution.  In 1789 Madison became a leader in the new House of Representatives and drafted many basic laws. Madison also served as Thomas Jefferson’s Secretary of State from 1801-1809 and supervised the “Louisiana Purchase” which doubled…

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James Monroe – 5th President of the US

 

 As the last President of the Founding Fathers of the United States and the third President to have died on Independence day; James Monroe was the fifth President of the United States from 1817-1825. As a member of the anti-Federalist party, Monroe served as a delegate in the Continental Congress.  Monroe opposed ratification of the US Constitution claiming that it gave too much power to central government. Active in the new government , Monroe was elected to the Senate of the first United States Congress.  Monroe gained executive experience as…

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Andrew Jackson – 7th President of the US

 

 Andrew Jackson was the 7th President of the United States from 1829-1837.  Based in Tennessee,  Jackson dominated the Second Party System in the 1820s and 1830s. “As President, he dismantled the Second Bank of the United States” and initiated the forced relocation and resettlement of  Native American tribes from the Southeast to west of the Mississippi.  Followers of Jackson formed what is now known as the Democratic party. Nicknamed “Old Hickory” because of his aggressiveness, Jackson fought in many duels with some fatal opponents. Jackson was born in March 15…

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Martin Van Buren – 8th President of the US

 

  Martin Van Buren was the eight President of the United States from 1837 -1841. Prior to election as President , Van Buren served as Vice President and Secretary of State under Andrew Jackson. Van Buren was the first President to have been born a United States citizen. His predecessors were born as British subjects prior to the American Revolution. His native language was Dutch and he was the only President to have not spoken English as a first language. Van Buren was the first President from New York. Nicknamed…

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William Henry Harrison – 9th President of the United States

 

 William Henry Harrison was the ninth President of the United States from 1773- 1841. At the age of 68 years old he was the oldest president to have taken office until Ronald Reagan and the first President to die while in office. Harrison was the last President to take office prior to the signing of the Declaration of Independence.  He had the shortest tenure as President dying after serving just 32 days. Prior to his election as President, Harrison served as the first territorial congressional delegate from the Northwest Territory,…

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Zachary Taylor – 12th President of the US

 

 Zachary Taylor , a member of the Whig Party was the 12th President of the United States from 1849-1850. His top priority while President was to preserve the Union but it was short lived; Taylor died just 16 months into his term.  Taylor was born November 24, 1784 in Orange County, Virginia. Taylor married Margaret Mackall Smith in June of 1810. Together they had 6 children: Ann Margaret Mackall Taylor (1811–1875),  Sarah Knox Taylor (1811-1875), Octavia Pannill Taylor (1816-1820), Margaret Smith Taylor (1819-1820), Mary Elizabeth Taylor (1824-1909) and Richard Taylor…

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Millard Fillmore – 13th President of the United States

 

 Millard Fillmore was the 13th President of the United States and assumed the presidency after the death of President Zachary Taylor. He was the last member of the Whig Party to hold the office of President. Fillmore also served as the 12th Vice President and in the US house of Representatives. Fillmore was born in Moravia, New York on January 7, 1800.He married Abigail Powers on February 5, 1826. Together the couple had two children Millard Powers Fillmore and Mary Abigail Fillmore. See Fillmore’s full biography @ Wikipedia.org Also see:…

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Franklin Pierce – 14th President of the US

 

 Franklin Pierce was the 14th President of the United States from 1853-1857. He was the only President from New Hampshire. Pierce also served in the United States House of Representatives and the Senate. Franklin Pierce married Jane Means Applegate on November 19,1834 and lived in Concord, New Hampshire. Together they had three children all of whom died in childhood. Read Franklin Pierce’s full biography @ Wikipedia.org Also see: Works by Franklin Pierce at Project Gutenberg Franklin Pierce: A Resource Guide from the Library of Congress White House biography Pierce 200 site Inaugural Address…

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Chester Arthur – 21st President of the US

 

 Chester Alan Arthur was the 21st  President of the United States from 1881-1885 and the 2oth Vice President in 1881.   Arthur stepped in to the role of Presidency following the assassination of  President James Garfield.  His advocacy and enforcement of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was the focus of his administration. Arthur was born October 5, 1829 in Fairfield ,Vermont. Prior to his birth his parents moved around frequently in Vermont before settling in upstate New York.  The frequent moves later served as a basis that would lead…

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Grover Cleveland – 22 & 24th President of the United States

 

 Grover Cleveland was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States. He is the only President to have served two non-consecutive terms. Cleveland was the only Democratic President to be elected  during the era of Republican domination from 1861-1913. As leader of the Bourbon Democrats he opposed high tariffs, Free Silver, inflation , imperialism as well as subsidies to farmers, businessman and veterans. During Cleveland’s second term the Panic of  1893 produced a severe national depression that he was unable to reverse. Prior to being elected to the Presidency ,…

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